Birth control pills (scientifically – oral contraception) – is one of the most frequently worldwide used and closely studied methods of pregnancy prevention. During decades women consider birth control pills as the most efficient fertility control methods. Oral contraception is prescription drug. This means that only a gynecologist may recommend a birth control remedy, suitable for you. Taken properly, oral contraceptives can provide 100 % protection from an unplanned pregnancy. Every unit of combined hormonal oral contraception delivers into the body little amount of these hormones. They prevent releasing of an ovum from the ovary and fertilizing it by a sperm, that’s why pregnancy is impossible.
There are some benefits of birth control pills:
- These medications have been used during 40 years and they are carefully studied;
- They are safe and highly efficient being taken correctly;
- Do not impact on the spontaneity of sex
- Have a number of positive effects on a female organism (among them reducing of menstrual pain, treat irregular periods, help to overcome a premenstrual syndrome, etc.);
- Prevent various diseases (including ovarian carcinoma and cancer of the womb, promotes promotion of inflammatory diseases, endometriosis and mastopathy.)
On the other hand, this method of birth control require everyday intake and do not protect from sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV and AIDS. If you are concerned about STD, use latex condoms. The same advice is for those, who have just started taking oral contraception or switched from one type of birth control pills to another. The backup method of contraception is necessary to improve the degree of protection and reduce the risk of pregnancy to zero.
Before you start taking a fertility control medication, ask your gyn about contraindications of the drug. Hormonal birth control pills are strictly contraindicated if a woman has malignant tumor, cerebral vessels affection, hepatic cirrhosis or an inclination to thrombosis. The use of oral contraception is not recommended if a woman is on antibiotics, suffers from galactorrhea, has a suckling child or if during the previous pregnancy the woman have been experiencing toxicosis, jaundice or itching.
Overweight women should take birth control pills with caution, as well as those who suffer from migraines, depression, diabetes mellitus, gallbladder inflammation, cholelithiasis, bronchial asthma, high blood pressure, and kidney or liver diseases of any kind. Women should avoid smoking while taking combined oral contraceptives.
Practically all of the modern oral medications of fertility control may be a reason of some side effects. These effects vary from woman to woman as oral contraceptives affect every woman differently. The most common secondary effects are: nausea, vomiting, headache, giddiness, bloating, abdominal and chest pain, and jaundice. This is not the whole list of the effects. Before taking birth control pills consult your doctor.