Category Archives: Folic Acid

Availability of folic acid and knowledge about prophylactic use: RESULTS

In total, 52 pharmacies were identified, with the majority (58%) representing major chains. Folic acid was available in an otc prepatation in 35 of 52 pharmacies (67%); a further 12 (23%) had folic acid available in a multivitamin preparation only. The remaining five pharmacies (10%) did not have otc folic acid available. Jamieson┬« was the most common brand of folic acid, while Materna┬« (Lederle) was … Continue reading

Availability of folic acid and knowledge about prophylactic use: METHODS

Convenience sampling was used to select city blocks in the downtown, eastern and northern areas of Metropolitan Toronto. All pharmacists within those city blocks were surveyed over a three-month period (January to March 1994). In an effort to obtain valid information on practice behaviour, pharmacists were blinded to the study hypothesis; therefore, personal data such as age, training, etc, were not collected. Research investigators (both … Continue reading

Availability of folic acid and knowledge about prophylactic use: A survey of urban pharmacies

In Canada, approximately 400 children each year are born with neural tube defects (spina bifida or anencephaly). Two recent, large-sample, randomized, controlled trials have demonstrated that folic acid supplementation around the time of conception substantially reduces the risk of neural tube birth defects. The Canadian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the Canadian College of Medical Genetics have, therefore, recommended that women at increased risk … Continue reading

Availability of folic acid and knowledge about prophylactic use:DISCUSSION

OTC folic acid was available (in single preparation form) in only 67% of the pharmacies in our urban survey, while 10% of pharmacists indicated that the drug was available by prescription only. Based on the average cost per tablet, for a daily prophylactic dose of1 mg, the annual cost of sup plementation increases from $15 to $62 per year for single versus multivitamin preparations, respectively. In … Continue reading