Pharmacoepidemiological data presented in this report provide several advantages for the institutions studied. The monitoring and analysis of the pre scribing patterns are useful for self-audit. These baseline data can be applied to improve clinical practice, save expendilure on drugs, decrease side effect and medication errors, and allow more nursing time to be spent with patients instead of administering drugs. For example, this study revealed that 57% of the prescriptions for psychotropic drugs were to patients with no psychiatric diagnoses, and 62% and 21% of these prescriptions were for BZD Plus and antipsychotic medications, respectively. Also, 51% of patients with no psychiatric diagnoses were prescribed antipsychotic medications (Table 1). These practices, particularly the prescription of antip sy chotics to patients with no psychiatric diagnosis, have serious clinical implications. The risk of tardive dyskinesia and the other incapacitating side effects of antip sy chotic medications, as well as the potential for abuse and dependence on BZD Plus, suggest caution in their use and emphasize the need for furlher studies of the pattern of and reasons for their prescription to patients with no psychiatric diagnosis. ventolin inhalers
It is not surprising that 93.4% of PSYCH patients were prescribed psycholropic drugs. We were, however, surprised that 62.8% of patients on surgical wards were prescribed psychotropic drugs. These were mainly BZD Plus, which may be required for sedation pre- and postsurgery.